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Josef Hargrave

Global foresight manager

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Urbanisation 2.0

Urbanisation 2.0

Urbanisation 2.0

A holistic picture of urban opportunities and challenges

Urbanisation brings together the many different interpretations of what it means for a city to be urban. Depending on the cultural and geographic context, urban areas can take on a variety of forms, and are often much smaller than the archetypal mega city, with different contextual needs.

How big is too big?

Urban growth is the expansion of cities and city populations. Around 4bn people, or 54% of the world’s population, live in urban areas. According to United Nations estimates, the number of urban residents will increase by 2.5bn by 2050, reaching 66% of the global population.

By 2030, it is projected that 41 global megacities will house 14% of the world’s population. Cities occupy an ever larger land area; urban expansion is projected to consume up to 35Mha of cropland by 2030. Meanwhile, the urban population in developing countries is projected to double by 2030, while urban land area is likely to triple in the same period. The Drivers of Change Urbanisation cards examine the major drivers of change for urban environments, from growth and opportunity to urban sprawl and inequality.

Drivers of Change app

This unique platform presents the most impactful trends, innovations and system interactions determining our collective future. The app offers an informed starting point for conversations within communities and companies alike.

Download the app

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